Thursday, August 18, 2011

IBM creates a chip that functions as the brain

IBM has developed a chip that mimics the human brain. This technology, which combines information technology with the communication process of neurons, might be useful to manage operations with less space and energy than that used by modern computers. The new generation of chips mimic the abilities of perception, action and cognition of the brain, acting dynamically and independently how it interacts with various electronic sensors.

The IBM chips recreates the phenomenon among the neurons and synapses in biological systems, such as the brain, "using logarithms and advanced silicon circuits," says IBM. The first two prototypes have been manufactured and are currently being tested. Computers are expected to learn through cognitive experiences, finding correlations and hypotheses, mimicking the synaptic structure of the human brain.

To do this, IBM says it is combining the principles of nanoscience, neuroscience and supercomputing, as part of an initiative developed in recent years. The project aims to create a system that not only analyze complex information from multiple sensory modalities at once, but also dynamically reschedule as it interacts with its environment.

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